Persian Rugs - Exquisite Artistic Expression

Published: 28th April 2010
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Persian carpet is a symbol of artistic magnificence. Rugs of Persia are considered the finest and most exquisite. Globally, Persia is considered the epicentre of the carpet making craft. So famous are the Persian rugs that these are woven regardless of the cost incurred. These are gifted to mosques and well-wishers and friends, to be cherished for lifetime. Persian rugs are considered an asset; a treasure that needs to be preserved for posterity.

Persian carpets are renowned for their richness of colour, variety of patterns, luxurious textures, elaborate designs and method of weaving. A key feature of Persian rugs is their bright colours and the intricate designs. It takes many months to weave Persian Rugs. Wool and cotton are used in weaving the carpet. These rugs are unique in the sense that one will never find two rugs alike. If one is out to buy a Persian rug, one can get hold of rugs which have the old world designs and patterns and also those with modern day design. The rugs are classified into three types on the basis of the designs.

• all-over

• central medallion

• one-sided

The traditional Persian rug designs have geometric patterns. These include striped patterns, arabesque, spiral and paisley patterns. The designs include historic monuments and buildings, tree patterns, hunting ground patterns, flower patterns, vase patterns, intertwined fish patterns and tribal patterns.

The Persian rugs are also classified on the basis of the cities or regions in which these made. There are three major types of Persian rugs:

• Farsh: Farsh Persian rugs are made of wool, cotton or silk. Silk rugs are found to be the most expensive.

• Qalicheh: Qalicheh Persian rugs too are made of wool, cotton or silk.

• Kilim: Kilim rugs usually have a geometrical design. The weft strands run horizontally and these constitute the colour and design of the rug. These are wool. The vertical warp strands may be wool, cotton or hemp.

There are subtypes of Persian rugs too. Persian rugs can also be divided into groups based on geographic areas: Northwest Persia, Central Persia, Southern Persia, Western Persia, South-western Persia and Eastern Persia. Each of these different regions produces different styles of rugs. The rugs that are woven in north-western Persia are marketed at a place called Tabriz. These rugs are named Tabriz, Gorevan, Serape, Herez, etc. Other large rugs of high quality are those from Kerman, a province in southern Persia and from Khorassan in north-eastern Persia. The popular styles of Persian rugs include Tabriz, Isfahan and Kashan. However, it is the cities of Sarouk, Herez and Sarapi that one would find the extremely valuable antique rugs.

The size of the rug plays an important role in determining its cost. Small rugs are less expensive and more durable. The common sizes of other rugs were from 3 x 6 to 4 x 12. In comparison, the large rugs are heavy in weight, are difficult to weave and are expensive. Large rugs are usually ordered for mosques or for commercial establishments of royal stature.

This article is penned by a representative of Medallion Rug Gallery, a company dealing in selling and cleaning of indian rugs at california and california antique rugs.

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